Commonwealth of Australia, consisting of its federal districtAustralian Capital Territory redthe states of New South Wales pinkQueensland blueSouth Australia purpleTasmania yellow, bottomVictoria greenWestern Australia orange and the Northern Territory yellow, top. On the 1st of January the nation-state of Australia officially came into existence as a federation.
As the first speaker of the affirmative side, I am tasked to present to everyone the proposition that will be debated today, tackle some issues why the current government system is dissatisfying and of course, suffice everyone with arguments detailing why there is a need to adopt federalism in our country.
The resolution will revolve on the merits of the proposal of former senator Aquilino Pimentel Jr eyeing for the creation of 11 federal states while keeping the presidential form of government and increasing the number of elected senators. The Philippines is currently under a unitary form of government — this means that the central government is the highest governing power.
Moreover, the autonomous regions, provinces, municipalities and barangays can only exercise powers and enact policies that the central government chooses to delegate to them.
With these reasons, I will present to you some points on why is it necessary for the Philippines to adopt a federal system of government. In an assessment paper presented by U. Public Administration and Governance Prof.
Alex Brillantes, and Donna Moscare, the Philippine geography makes travel and communication difficult, time-consuming and costly. Composed of several islands, the highly centralized unitary form of government is ineffective in dealing with contingencies in far-flung parts of the country.
The administration and power is concentrated in Manila which results to inequitable development among the different regions. Development is inequitable and stunted because there is difficulty in reaching and responding to the needs of remote areas.
He also cited a major lesson from the various experiences on federalism saying: A federal government would enable the needs of a nation to be achieved while providing a space for diversity.
The federal structure devises a flexible arrangement for varying forms of self-government to suit different circumstances and contingencies.
History would show us several countries that used federalism in dealing with diversity. In Switzerland and Canada for instance, the adoption of federalism was, to some extent, a result of a need to accommodate diverse communities. After World War 2, India, Malaysia and Nigeria used the federal mechanism to settle ethnic diversity.
Pakistan also used the federal design to manage ethno-national diversity after it emerged as an independent state. Regions have their own unique problems, situations, geographic, cultural, social and economic contexts.
Federalism allows them to create solutions to their own problems instead of distant Metro Manila deciding for them. This makes sense in an archipelago of over 7, islands and 28 dominant ethnic groups. For decades, the national government has been struggling to address the concerns of 79 now 81 provinces despite challenges posed by geography and cultural differences.
According to Pimentel, federalism will dissipate the causes of the recurrent armed Moro challenges against the government and, thereby, lay the basis for a just and lasting peace in Central and Southwestern Mindanao.
It has tried regional autonomous governments; local government devolution of power, and even military pacification campaigns. In short, government approaches were tried but all to no avail. Yet Pimentel sufficed that the Moro traditional, political, rebel leaders and Moro academics whom he had the privilege of conversing appear to unanimously support the idea of federalizing the Republic and creating a Bangsamoro Federal State as a means of dissipating the causes of Moro rebellions and of laying the foundations of a just and a lasting peace in Mindanao.
This was further strengthened when the president-elect Duterte has repeatedly said that one of the benefits of this structure would be putting an end to insurgent rebellions in the south waged by the Muslim minority, their main claims to this rebellion is unjust treatment to them.
And with the new states, they would have autonomy over this. There have been positive comments and strong support from the Muslim rebel leaders recently and have been indicative of being receptive and cooperative with the plans.
As presented by Former senators Pimentel Jr.Debate guide copy for affirmative side re: Federalism by onatpagaduan. Debate guide copy for affirmative side re: Federalism. Search Search. Documents Similar To Federalism (Practicability) Suggested Federalism in the Philippines.
Decentralization and Federalism in the Philippines: Lessons from Global Community Alex B. Brillantes, Jr 4/4(5). Related Documents: Federalism in the Philippines (Affirmative Side for Debate) Essay Philippines: United States Essay Bradford Jones Professor Cowan 11/8/14 American History Philippines One of the most controversial events in the United States history is the occupation of the philippines following the Spanish American War and .
AFFIRMATIVE SPEECH ON FEDERALISM Change is inevitable. Change is coming! Good morning everybody. As the first speaker of the affirmative side, I am tasked to present to everyone the proposition that will be debated today, tackle some issues why the current government system is .
Which form of federalism should the Philippines adopt? There are many forms of federalism including the US model, Malaysian model, German model, Swiss model, etc. and each is suited to a different set of circumstances. Federalism in the Philippines (Affirmative Side for Debate) Essay Public Speaking AB Political Science am/MWF Education A pleasant morning to everyone, I am, AB Political Science.
to give local officials more authority in order to perform better. to give opportunity to the whole country in availing the reform effects of federalism. the shift to a federal form of government in the Philippines is being pushed by Davao Mayor Rodrigo Duterte.
a self-proclaimed advocate of federalism.
10 backed by 16 senators.5/5(1).